What businesses are considered non-essential under DC, Maryland, Virginia executive orders

Maryland Governor Larry Hogan ordered that all “non-essential businesses” close at 5 p.m. today as the state works to combat the coronavirus’ spread.

Meanwhile, Virginia Governor Ralph Northam announced on Monday afternoon that guidance will be issued soon for non-essential businesses to close.

READ MORE: Virginia closes non-essential businesses; schools for rest of academic year due to coronavirus

Northam said non-essential businesses - including restaurants and bars - must close by Tuesday after midnight.

READ MORE: Maryland closing all 'non-essential' businesses today as state grapples with coronavirus

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Hogan noted that the majority of Marylanders are respecting the state’s order to refrain from gathering in large numbers, but stressed that some residents are still failing to heed the order.

READ MORE: DC mayor orders closures of non-essential businesses in the District amid COVID-19 spread

The governor stressed that the state is not implementing the “shelter-in-place” order that some cities have established, but said people should remain home, and that employers are being urged to help them work from home.

The District on Tuesday evening closed its non-essential businesses under an order put in place by Mayor Muriel Bowser. 

Non-essential businesses include restaurants, bars, casinos, racetracks, simulcast betting facilities, enclosed malls, “certain recreational establishments, and “certain recreational establishments and certain retail businesses." 

The order closing restaurants does not apply to carry-out or delivery sales.

Businesses on the following list will remain open, according to a document the state provided:

The chemical sector

  • Pharmaceutical manufacturers
  • Chemical manufacturers
  • Distributors of chemicals and pharmaceuticals

The commercial sector

  • Lodging
  • Building and property maintenance companies, including plumbers,electricians, HVAC service companies, roofers, environmental services companies, exterminators, arborists, and landscapers
  • Janitorial firms
  • Companies that sell supplies and materials for maintenance of commercial and residential buildings, including “big box” home improvement supply stores, plumbing distributors, electrical distributors, and HVAC distributors
  • Laundromats, dry cleaners, and laundry services
  • Commercial and residential construction companies
  • Self-storage facilities
  • Meanwhile, casinos, racetracks, simulcast betting facilities, enclosed malls, “certain recreational establishments, and “certain recreational establishments and certain retail businesses” are required to close.

The communications sector

  • Broadcasting companies and stations
  • Cable television companies
  • Telephone (cellular and landline) companies
  • Internet service providers

The critical manufacturing sector

  • Steel, iron, and aluminum products
  • Engines, motors, turbines, generators, and power transmission equipment
  • Earth-moving, mining, agricultural, and construction equipment
  • Parts for water, electric, and telecommunications utility infrastructure
  • Land, air, and water vehicles, and related parts
  • Medical equipmentn
  • Personal protective equipment
  • Cleaning and sanitation equipment ad supplies

The Defense Industrial Base Sector 

  • Companies that research, develop, manufacture, or integrate weapons, defense, or intelligence systems or assets
  • Private contractors that support defense and intelligence agencies

The Emergency Services Sector

  • Law enforcement
  • Emergency medical services
  • Emergency management
  • Fire and rescue services
  • Private ambulance companies

The Energy Sector

  • Companies engaged in electricity production (excluding hydroelectric and nuclear, which are included in other sectors)
  • Companies engaged in the production, refining, storage, transportation, distribution, and sale of oil, gas, and propane products, including gas stations and truck stops
  • Companies that provide utility maintenance services

The Financial Services Sector

  • Banks and credit unions
  • Non-bank lenders
  • Payroll processing companies
  • Payment processing companies
  • Armored car companies
  • Insurance companies
  • Securities and investment companies
  •  Accounting and bookkeeping firms

The Food and Agriculture Sector

  • Grocery stores
  • Farmer’s markets
  • Convenience stores
  • Alcoholic beverage stores and distributors, distilleries, and wineries
  • Institutional food service and supply companies
  • Farms
  • Food manufacturing and processing
  • Pet supply stores
  • Veterinary hospitals, clinics, and kennels
  • Companies that manufacture, maintain, and sell agricultural equipment
  • Companies that manufacture, or support the manufacturing of paper products. 

The Government Facilities Sector

  • Lawyers and law firms
  • Court reporters
  • Bail bondsmen

The Healthcare and Public Health Sector

  • Hospitals
  • Healthcare systems and clinics
  • Offices of health care providers, including physicians, dentists, and pharmacists
  • Physical, occupation, and speech therapists
  • Behavioral health facilities and professionals, including psychologists, mental health counselors, and substance abuse counselors

Rehabilitation facilities

  • Diagnostic facilities, including radiology, imaging, and laboratory facilities
  • Health plans, payors, and billing companies

Funeral homes and crematoriums

  • Senior living facilities, including independent living, assisted living, and skilled nursing
  • Manufacturers and distributors of medical equipment and supplies
  • Medical cannabis growers, processors, and dispensaries
  • Home health care companies
  • Pharmacies

The Information Technology Sector

  • Companies that design, develop, distribute, host, sell, and support information technology software and hardware
  • Companies that provide network routing, access, and configuration services

The Transportation Systems Sector includes

  • Airlines and operators of commercial aircraft (manned and unmanned)
  • Airports, air strips, heliports, and seaplane bases
  • Railroads
  • Motor carriers
  • Carriers of marine freight, including ocean carriers and inland carriers
  • Marine, rail, truck, and intermodal terminals, and operators
  • Stevedores, longshoremen, baggage handlers, and others who handle cargo at transportation hubs
  • Courier, package delivery, mail service, and mail management companies
  • Warehousing and distribution companies
  • Pipeline owners, operators and maintenance companies
  • Lessors of transportation assets, including railcars and truck trailers
  • Companies that supply parts, or provide maintenance and repair services for transportation assets and infrastructure, including aircraft, marine vessels, locomotives, rail cars, trucks, buses, cars, heavy equipment, roads, bridges, tunnels, airports, air strips, marine terminals, railroads

Automotive supply stores and repair shops

The Water and Wastewater Systems Sector

  • Municipal, community, and other drinking water and wastewater systems and facilities
  • Well drillersCompanies that provide maintenance and inspection services for water and wastewater assets, including treatment works, residential water treatment systems, piping, pumps, tanks, drains, conveyances, and monitoring systems
  • Water testing companies

Read the complete document(s) here and here.

In a statement released following Virginia's news conference, Northam's office said the following constitute some of the "non-essential" businesses that must close:

  • Restaurants
  • Dining establishments
  • Food courts
  • Farmers markets
  • Breweries
  • Microbreweries
  • Distilleries
  • Wineries
  • Tasting rooms.

Virginia's criteria for "essential businesses" includes:

  • Grocery stores, pharmacies, and other retailers that sell food and beverage products or pharmacy products, including dollar stores, and department stores with grocery or pharmacy operations
  • Medical, laboratory, and vision supply retailers
  • Electronic retailers that sell or service cell phones, computers, tablets, and other communications technology
  • Automotive parts, accessories, and tire retailers as well as automotive repair facilities
  • Home improvement, hardware, building material, and building supply retailers
  • Lawn and garden equipment retailers
  • Beer, wine, and liquor stores
  • Retail functions of gas stations and convenience stores
  • Retail located within healthcare facilities
  • Banks and other financial institutions with retail functions
  • Pet stores and feed stores
  • Printing and office supply stores
  • Laundromats and dry cleaners

For the full text of Northam's order, click here.