The move announced Monday by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will cost the automaker an estimated $1.2 billion.
DETROIT, MICHIGAN, UNITED STATES - 2019/07/31: The General Motors world headquarters office is seen at Detroit's Renaissance Center. (Photo by Paul Hennessy/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)
Takata used ammonium nitrate to create a small explosion to fill airbags in a crash.
But the chemical can deteriorate and explode with too much force, blowing apart a metal canister and spewing shrapnel. Twenty-seven people have been killed worldwide by the exploding inflators.